Stagnant extraction? The politics of time and space in the Tanzanian hydrocarbon sector
Spiegel, Samuel; Bowman, Andrew; Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC)
In the early 2010s, discoveries of offshore gas reserves in Tanzanian waters generated
considerable anticipation both for international oil companies, national politicians, and local
populations. The promises of hydrocarbon wealth changed the imagined futures of Tanzania
with political suggestions that hydrocarbon extraction could catalyse economic development
and was further buoyed with planned infrastructure projects worth billions of dollars. The
introduction of the hydrocarbon sector to Tanzania changed perceptions of time and
introduced the temporalities of extraction to the country. Since then, these promises and
expectations have yet to come into fruition, with the offshore sector has yet to enter the
extraction phase, and the infrastructure projects have yet to begin construction.
This thesis presents a study of the politics of time in the hydrocarbon sector in Tanzania.
It focuses on the tensions generated by legislative changes, policy changes and planned
infrastructures to present how different actors' perceptions of time, specifically around the
future and pace of developments in the sector, have shaped frictions between stakeholders.
Central to this is multiple and sometimes conflicting temporalities. This thesis argues that the
introduction of the hydrocarbon sector has both created and exacerbated frictions in the
perceptions of time for a variety of stakeholders at differing spatial levels. At the core of this
has been the future, or more specifically, the competing imagined futures that the gas sector
would have on Tanzania's economic development. These frictions have been dependent on
a variety of factors, ranging from the geographical, to the material and imagined.
Theoretically, this thesis proposes a greater focus, understanding and clarity on the
temporalities of extraction to better understand modern extractive phenomena within the
social sciences. This is particularly true within multiple African states, whereby there are
growing expectations of resource-based development and increased state intervention in the
Tanzanian society; hydrocarbon sector; future of the hydrocarbon industry; oil corporation local influence; Tanzanian government; politics of extraction
The University of Edinburgh
Barlow, A. (2020), 'The politics of the temporary: Tanzanian local content in the East African crude oil pipeline', The Extractive Industries and Society, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 738-747.
Type of publication|
Thesis or Dissertation; Doctoral; PhD Doctor of Philosophy
Edinburgh - University of Edinburgh
Added to C-A: 2021-12-13;10:27:13|
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